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Maha Vishuba Sankranti

Maha Vishuba Sankranti, also known as Pana Sankranti and Vishuba Sankranti, is the Odia people's traditional new year. The festival is celebrated by Hindus and Buddhists both in the state. The Odia people on this day visit temples, especially Hanuman temples, as it is the birthday of Lord Hanuman too. It is similar to other Hindu new Years celebrated in other states of India, such as Vaisakhi in North India, Bihu in Assam, Puthandu in Tamil Nadu, and Pohela Boishakh in West Bengal. Maha Vishuba Sankranti, as per the Odia calendar, is the first day of the month of Mesha or the 24th day of Chaitra as per the Indian calendar. It is similar to the month of Baisakh in the lunar calendar. Find the detailed information on Vishuba Sankranti below:

Origin, History, and Significance of Maha Vishuba Sankranti

Maha Vishuba Sankranti is the traditional New Year's day of Orrisa. It marks the day from which the new Odian almanac if effective. As per the Odia tradition, it is also the birthday of Hanuman, a Hindu deity. So Odian people visit temples, especially Lord Hanuman temples, visit pilgrimage centers and take river baths on this auspicious day. They do special offerings to their deities. In the northern region of Orissa, Maha Vishuba Sankranti is known as Chadak Parva, and in the southern Orissa Danda Nata. It is celebrated for month-long with the final ceremony at the month-end called Meru Yatra in southern Orissa.

The day is also known as Mesha Sankranti(due to the Mesha month of the Odia calendar). On this day, the sun changes its planetary position and enters Libra's house, also known as Mesha. In northern India, this day marks the arrival of the spring season. Spring season means the start of the sowing season. After this day, people start their agricultural activities across India.

On Maha Vishuba Sankranti, Odian people prepare a sweet dish or concoction called pana. The name Pana Sankranti comes from this pana. It is made by mixing different fruits, milk, water, curd, Bela, and sugar pulp and distributing it to everyone. A small earthen pot filled with this pana is hung on the tulsi (basil) plant as per tradition. A hole is made at the bottom of the pot, from which water drips. This dripping water signifies rain. Another tradition is to eat a mixture of chhatua ( horse gram flour) with curd and a banana. These are first offered to the tulsi plant.


When is Maha Vishuba Sankranti Celebrated

Maha Vishuba Sankranti is celebrated on the 24th day of Chaitra as per the Indian calendar. Maha Vishuba Sankranti 2023 is on the 14th of April as per the Gregorian calendar.

How is Maha Vishuba Sankranti Celebrated and Where to Go

Across Orissa, this festival is celebrated with a lot of reverence and enthusiasm. People visit pilgrimage places, and temples, take a bath in rivers and do special offerings to their deities. Many places have fairs or melas, where people got to enjoy themselves with families and see dance and singing performances. These fairs have stalls of food, traditional crafts, and other products. On the streets, too many local artists perform a street dances or do acrobatic performances. The main attraction of the day is a social celebration where people walk or sprint on burning coal. It is known as the coal walk, and many volunteers take part in it. To cheer them, numerous people gather. Many places and temples are known for their Maha Vishuba Sankranti celebrations. The following places are worth visiting during Maha Vishuba Sankranti:

1) Brahmapur- The Taratarini Temple is near Brahmapur and is popular for its Maha Vishuba Sankranti celebrations and its Shakti Pitha shrine. Numerous devout visit it to seek blessings from the goddess. There is a fair organized near the temple, which the devotees enjoy after worship.

2) Cuttack- People visit temples, offer prayers, and feast with their families. There is a Jhaamu Yatra in the Devi temple, and many people from across Orissa come to see the procession. There is much poetry, and other literary functions also organized on this day.

3) Chhatrapada, Bhadrak- The Maa Patana Mangala Temple has an annual Patau Yatra festival. Several devotees gather to seek blessings from the Devi or Goddess and witness this festival.

4) Chandanewar, Baleswar- Numerous devotees visit the Shiva temple here. There is an annual fair held on the premises. Many pilgrims from outside Orissa too visit to seek blessings during this period.

5) Sarala- The Sarala Temple is known for the fire walk done by the priests of the temple. It is called the Jhaanu yatra or the fire-walking festival.

To take part in Maha Vishuba Sankranti 2023 festivities and explore these temples and places, use redBus to book your online bus tickets. You can use the redBus India portal or the mobile application for convenient ticket booking. With redBus travel to these places with ease and comfort and participate in Maha Vishuba Sankranti festivities.

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