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Jallikattu will be celebrated on 15th January 2023 in Alanganallur, Tamil Nadu. Jallikattu is celebrated to worship cattle stock and is celebrated during Pongal. The tradition is derived from “Salli”, which means coins and “Kattu”, which means package. This package of coins is attached to the bulls' horns that participants try to retrieve.

The Jallikattu festival, a famous festival of Tamil Nadu, can sum up a significant part of the culture of South India. Like all the other festivals of the country that pour magic into the holidays, Jallikattu is also a cultural festival with incredible authenticity. It is celebrated every year in January, on the third day of Pongal. The festival revolves around a traditional sport of bull-taming played by the people in the villages of this South Indian state. The sport takes place in an open ground where the bull is let loose, and people have to try to take control of the animal by piling on its horns or hump. Tourists from various countries come to witness this spectacular show. Tamilians consider this festival a symbol of the dignity of its brilliant culture, which is why it is engraved in the ancient papers of Tamil history.

The History of the Festival

An embodiment of the classical period of Tamil culture, this sport emerged between 400 BC and 100 BC. The traditional sport was conducted and viewed by the people who belonged to the Mullai division of the prehistoric era of Tamil Nadu. Over the years, to attract more people and make more people participate in the sport, a prize money was awarded to anybody with the talent to tame the bull. The National Museum located in New Delhi still preserves the seal representing the sport that originally belonged to the Indus Valley Civilizations. There is even a cave painting coloured with white kaolin that shows a man trying to control an angry bull near the caves of Madura which is believed to be over 1500 years old.

The popular myth revolving around this festival is about how Lord Shiva asked Basava, his bull, to convey two messages. This bull twisted the words of the messages and expressed them in another way. It is said that the bull was asked to tell the human beings on earth to take an oil bath every day and that food must be consumed only once a month for six months. Instead of this message, the bull conveyed that food must be consumed daily and oil baths must be taken only once a month. This debacle made Lord Shiva angry and he cursed the bull to aid humans in cultivating their land for all eternity.

Jallikattu is popularly mentioned in the Dravidian literature as well. This means that the person who tames the bull will win the gold or silver coins that are tied to the bull's horns. When the bulls win during the game, they are used for further breeding and will also be the most expensive cattle in the market.

Duration and main parts of the celebration

This festival takes place only on a single day which is the third day of Pongal, a famous cultural festival of Tamil Nadu. The final day of the Pongal mainly falls between 13th and 17th of January every year. This festival is organised in the various villages of the state.

The most famous region where the festival is celebrated is in Alanganallur, a place near Madurai. Other parts of Tamil Nadu where the festival is celebrated are:

  • Avaniapuram
  • Pallavarayanpatti near Cumbum
  • Tiruvapur near Pudukottai
  • Thammampatti in Salem
  • Kandupatti near Sivagangai
  • Siravayal near Karaikudi
  • Venthanpatti near Pudukottai
  • Palamedu near Madurai

Importance of Jallikattu in Tamil Nadu

Jallikattu is essential to every rural farmer of the state as it is an opportunity to flaunt the strength of the bulls and the love they have for their cattle. Tamilians do not consider it to be a leisure sport. It is a tradition that never fails to establish a self-sufficient, hard-working, and solid Tamil culture. It also symbolises the amazing "man and animal" relationship as farmers consider these bulls to be a member of their family.

The rural areas of Tamil Nadu are no longer synonymous with the old agrarian life because of the migration of the youth from villages to metro cities. This festival creates a nostalgia for ancient times in rural areas since the state is going through rapid urbanisation. The participants are also driven by this nostalgia, a longing to return and relive the old days.

Travel to the rural parts of Tamil Nadu and have the opportunity to view Jallikattu 2023 live with redBus! The website is a straightforward platform that allows you to book your tickets quickly without going through a tiring registration process. The fantastic features will let you track your bus and get real-time information about your journey. With a hassle-free and secure online bus booking platform, redBus would help you reach your desired destination safely! So celebrate Jallikattu and book your bus journey at the lowest prices only on the redBus app and website.

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