Bihar day is celebrated to mark the formation of the state of Bihar by the British. The British created Bihar from the Bengal Presidency in 1912. Every year this day is a public holiday across the state of Bihar. All offices, companies, and educational institutes coming under the central government and state government are closed for work or studies. Many multi-cultural events and programs are organized. Bihar Diwas is not just celebrated in the state of Bihar but across many Indian and international cities. Bihar Diwas date is 22nd March. Find the detailed information on Bihar day below:
Origin, History, and Significance of Bihar Day
The day the state of Bihar was created from the Bengal presidency in 1912 is celebrated as Bihar day. It is an annual celebration and a public holiday in Bihar. Though the History of Bihar Diwas dates back to 1912, however, the day's official celebration with numerous events and programs started in 2011. The Bihar state government in 2010 decided to celebrate their formation day with a lot of events and programs to restore the pride of Bihar in the hearts of the state people and enthuse them with the proud feeling of being a Bihari.
In 1764, the Battle of Buxar was fought between the joint forces of the Mughal king Shah Alam II, Nawab of Bengal, and Nawab of Awadh against the East India Company led by Hector Munro. The battle was fought at Buxar, hence the name. This battle was won by the East India Company defeating the Mughals and the Nawabs, resulting in them losing their rights over their territories. The East India Company got the Diwani rights that are the rights to administer the management and collection of revenues. Those territories, then called the Bengal presidency, are the present-day states of West Bengal, Jharkhand, Bihar, Orissa, and Bangladesh.
On March 21, 1912, when the new Governor of the Bengal presidency, Thomas Gibson Carmichael, took charge, he announced on 22nd March the Bengal presidency's split in four parts- Bengal, Assam, Orissa, and Bihar. Thus, forming the state of Bihar on 22nd March 1912. People had forgotten the History of Bihar Diwas, so Bihar Diwas was being celebrated not as an event, but as an occasion for bonding and coming together as one.
When is Bihar Day Celebrated
Bihar Diwas is observed every year on the same day with cultural and other activities to mark the occasion when Bihar became a state. Bihar diwas date 2021 is 22nd March.
How is Bihar Day Celebrated and Where to Go
Bihar Diwas is celebrated with great fervor and aplomb. The Bihar state governments organize many events and cultural programs, central government, educational institutes, and other organizations/local people to mark this day. Gala functions and cultural extravaganzas are organized even at the panchayat (villages and towns) level to make the local people participate maximum in the celebrations to strengthen Bihar's spirit and image.
Bihar Sthapna Diwas festivities can be seen across many cities in India. Patna and other prominent cities of Bihar are especially known for their Bihar Diwas celebrations. The following places are worth visiting during Bihar Sthapna Diwas:
1) Patna- Patna is the hub of all Bihar Diwas celebrations in the world. There are several events, programs, and other celebrations, including cultural events, blood donation camps, eye donation camps, folk dances, sports, and other competitive events. Some events have Bollywood celebrities, including singers and actors, participating in the celebrations. Along with Patna, Gaya, Bhagalpur, Darbhanga, and Bhagal Pur also have similar events.
2) Delhi- The Bihar state government organizes the "Bihar Utsav" at Dilli Haat, a fortnight-long cultural event that showcases the art, heritage, culture, craft, and food of Bihar. There are other events too in the city celebrating Bihar Sthapna Diwas.
3) Mumbai- The metropolitan see various events, film screenings, competitive programs, etc., which showcase Bihar's culture, history, arts, and tradition.
4) Chennai- The city has many events celebrating the day with singing and dance performances, sports competition, and cultural events. Various exhibitions showcase the art, culture, history, and recent development of the state.
5) Bengaluru- Various celebrations are held across the city, which has many cultural activities like folk dances and songs from Bihar, stalls of Bihari delicacies, and other competitive programs.
If you are interested in enjoying the Bihar day festivities and would love to travel to any of these places, redBus can take you to your desired destination. Booking your bus ticket online via the redBus portal is quick and convenient. Download the redBus mobile app now or visit the redBus India website to book your bus tickets and participate in Bihar Diwas celebrations.
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