Bathukamma is one of the most beautiful and colorful festivals in India celebrated in the states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. With floral decorations, mesmerizing Bathukamma songs, and simple rituals, the festival of Bathukamma celebrates the relationship between the earth, water, and other elements of nature.
All about Bathukamma
A unique flower festival- vibrant and eye-catching, Bathukamma festival is celebrated by the women of Telangana. An integral part of the cultural identity, the festival is celebrated with flowers that grow only in this region. Bathukamma arrives during the latter part of the monsoon season and just before the onset of winter. With the monsoon rains, ponds get full, and wildflowers in different hues bloom all over. The “gunuka poolu” and “tangedu poolu” are the most abundant and banti, chemanti and nandi-vardhanam are some others that blossom in entirety.
The Bathukamma festival starts a week before the “Saddula Batukamma” (grand last day of the festival) that generally falls two days prior to Dusshera. Women visit their maternal homes and breathe in the air of the flowers and herald the beauty. For a whole week, they make small “ Bathukammas” ( rangolis with flowers), play around them, and then immerse them in a pond nearby. On the last day, men go exploring the wild for the gunuka and tangedi. Once it is bought, the entire household comes together to make a big Bathukammalu. The flowers are arranged in concentric circles on a brass plate (taambalam) in a beautiful pattern to radiate the different colors.
As dusk approaches, women get ready in their finest attire adorned with ornaments and gather with the womenfolk around the neighborhood. They then go around the flower arrangement and celebrate love, unity, and culture. Once they finish their celebration, the women carry the plate on their heads and move towards a large pond in the village or town. All the while, they sing folk songs, and then, immerse the Bathukammalu into the pond. It ends on a sweet note when they share the “ maleeda” (a dessert made of cornbread and raw sugar) amongst themselves and their family. They return home singing praises of Bathukamma with the streets echoing and resonating with the sounds of cheer.
Essence of Bathukamma
The Bathukamma festival is a celebration of the relationship between Mother Nature, Water, and human beings. Women make “boddemma” ( a clay form of Mother Durga in mud) and immerse it into the pond along with the Bathukammalu. It is to magnify the power of the ponds and help it to retain more water. Flowers purify the water and cleanse it, thereby enhancing the quality of the air.
At times when water resources are depleting, the Bathukamma festival is a way of not just preserving culture but also the natural resources that are integral for survival. The festival pays homage to the agrarian spirit, heralds the glory of nature, celebrates the unity of humankind, and the undying spirit of women. The Bathukamma festival is an icon of celebrating the resources of nature and bringing people closer.
History behind Bathukamma
Many legends surround the Bathukamma festival. King Dharmangada of the Chola dynasty was blessed with a baby girl after many years of prayers and penance and was named Lakshmi. The baby survived many mishaps during her lifetime, and thereafter her parents’ named her Bathukamma ( Bathu means life and Amma means woman). Most young girls and women fervently celebrate Bathukamma for a well-suited alliance. Families celebrate it to pray for prosperity and good health.
It is also believed that Goddess Gauri went into a deep sleep after her duel with the demon Mahishasura. She is said to have woken up on Dasami Day.
Goddess Parvathi, who is also called Bathakamma, is considered to be a lover of flowers. Flowers are arranged on a wooden plank in the shape of a triangle. At the top is a lump of turmeric, which symbolizes the “Gopuram” and the Goddess is worshipped in this form.
When does Bathukamma fall this year?
Bathukamma festival 2021 begins on 6 October 2021 and ends on 14 October 2021. It is a popular festival in Telangana, and the first day is a public holiday. The festival ends on Durgashtami- which is again a holiday and falls two days before Vijayadashami or Dussehra.
One of the most important festivals in Telangana, you can now plan your visit during this time with redBus. Enjoy the beauty and glory of the Bathukamma festival 2021 by booking your tickets via the redBus website or download the app. You can now avail of deals and discounts that let you enjoy the nine days of the festival. Each day of the festival has its own name and particular rituals performed for the day. Go ahead and be a part of this joyous festival with redBus that lets you come closer to your roots!
NOTE: In light of the recent Coronavirus pandemic, we at redBus would like to urge you to take all necessary precautions when you travel and follow every instruction provided by your local government. If you're not planning on traveling, practice social distancing and stay indoors to help slow down the spread of COVID-19 or the Coronavirus disease and prevent it from spreading any further. Stay safe!